Vladimir PutinВладимир Путин
Putin with flag of Russia.jpg
2nd and 4th President of Russia
Assumed office 7 May 2012
Prime Minister Viktor Zubkov Dmitry Medvedev
Preceded by Dmitry Medvedev
In office 7 May 2000 – 7 May 2008Acting: 31 December 1999 – 7 May 2000
Prime Minister Mikhail KasyanovMikhail Fradkov Viktor Zubkov
Preceded by Boris Yeltsin
Succeeded by Dmitry Medvedev
Prime Minister of Russia
In office 8 May 2008 – 7 May 2012
President Dmitry Medvedev
First Deputy Sergei Ivanov Viktor ZubkovIgor Shuvalov
Preceded by Viktor Zubkov
Succeeded by Dmitry Medvedev
In office 16 August 1999 – 7 May 2000Acting: 9 August 1999 – 16 August 1999
President Boris Yeltsin
First Deputy Nikolai AksyonenkoViktor Khristenko Mikhail Kasyanov
Preceded by Sergei Stepashin
Succeeded by Mikhail Kasyanov
Chairman of the Council of Ministers of the Union State
In office 27 May 2008 – 18 July 2012
Preceded by Viktor Zubkov
Succeeded by Dmitry Medvedev
Leader of United Russia
In office 7 May 2008 – 26 May 2012
Preceded by Boris Gryzlov
Succeeded by Dmitry Medvedev
Secretary of the Security Council
In office 9 March 1999 – 9 August 1999
President Boris Yeltsin
Preceded by Nikolay Bordyuzha
Succeeded by Sergei Ivanov
Director of the Federal Security Service
In office 25 July 1998 – 29 March 1999
President Boris Yeltsin
Preceded by Nikolay Kovalyov
Succeeded by Nikolai Patrushev
Personal details
Born Vladimir Vladimirovich Putin(1952-10-07) 7 October 1952 (age 64)Leningrad, Russian SFSR, Soviet Union
Nationality Russian
Political party Communist Party of the Soviet Union (1975–91)Our Home-Russia (1995–99)Unity (1999–2001)Independent (1991–95; 2001–08)United Russia (2008–present)
Other political affiliations People's Front (2011–present)
Spouse(s) Lyudmila Putina (m. 1983; div. 2014)
Children 2 including Katerina Tikhonova
Residence Novo-Ogaryovo, Moscow, Russia
Alma mater Saint Petersburg State University
Awards =Order of Honor of the Russian Federation Order of Honour
Website Official website
Military service
Allegiance  Soviet Union
Service/branch KGB
Years of service 1975–1991
Rank CCCP air-force Rank podpolkovnik infobox.svg Lieutenant colonel


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Message from Senator Barack Obama
Thu, 30 Jun 2005 10:47:16 -0400
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Dear Samuel.Adeniyi.:
Thank you for advising me of your support for the establishment of personal retirement accounts within the Social Security system. I appreciate hearing your comments on this extremely important issue.
Although no Social Security reform legislation has been formally considered on the Senate floor this session, I have been following this discussion closely. I understand that some adjustments may need to be made to preserve the financial integrity of the program for current beneficiaries and to assure that workers who are paying Social Security taxes today get a solid return on their investment when they eventually retire. However, it is important to also remember that Social Security provides an important safety net to millions of older Americans, and that commitment should be respected. And, as we evaluate any reform proposal, we should not ignore the implications for today's workers, and their children, of the government potentially borrowing trillions of dollars to pay for the transition to private accounts at a time of historically high federal deficits and escalating national debt. After all, we are creating a crushing financial burden that will fall on the next generation to pay off.
It is my hope that the effort to “reform†Social Security will be undertaken in a bipartisan spirit that protects the basic integrity of the Social Security program. Seniors have lived up to their end of the bargain, and workers who are paying into the system have the right to the expectation of a reasonable return on their investment in the Social Security System when they retire. The government must live up to its responsibility in this contract as it looks for ways to protect the investment of current workers.
Again, thank you for contacting me about Social Security reforms. Please stay in touch in the days ahead.
Barack Obama
United States Senator
P.S. Our system does not allow direct response to this email. However, if you would like to contact me again, please use the form on the website: http://obama.senate.gov/contact/
Re: support justice samuel. alito he has my full support and deserve yours
Thu, 10 Nov 2005 14:44:26 -0500
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Dear Dr. AJANAKU :
Thank you for contacting my office regarding the nomination of Judge Samuel Alito for Associate Justice of the Supreme Court of the United States . I appreciate hearing your thoughts regarding this important matter.
I have known Judge Alito for the better part of two decades. He brings to this nomination a longstanding record in public service. For the past fifteen years, he has served as a judge on the Philadelphia-based United States Court of Appeals for the Third Circuit. Judge Alito has participated in thousands of appeals and authored hundreds of opinions. In his career, he has argued twelve Supreme Court cases and at least two dozen court of appeals cases.
Judge Alito attended Princeton University , and then studied at Yale Law School where he received high marks and served as editor of the Yale Law Journal. After graduation, he clerked for Judge Leonard Garth on the Third Circuit.
Following his clerkship, Judge Alito served as Assistant U.S. Attorney in the appellate division. In 1981, he became Assistant to the Solicitor General in the Reagan Administration where he argued on behalf of the federal government in front of the U.S. Supreme Court. Judge Alito then served in the Office of Legal Counsel as Deputy Assistant Attorney General where he advised the executive branch on constitutional matters.
In 1987, Judge Alito was unanimously confirmed as U.S. Attorney for the district of New Jersey. In 1990, Judge Alito was nominated to the 3 rd Circuit by President George H. W. Bush. He was unanimously confirmed by a voice vote of the Senate.
As Chairman of the Senate Judiciary Committee, I will ensure that Judge Alito receives a fair and thorough confirmation hearing. I believe that he is entitled to be heard, and I take the Senate's role in the confirmation process very seriously. Short of a declaration of war, the most important function of the United States Senate is the confirmation of U.S. Supreme Court Justices for lifetime terms.
Should you have any further questions, please do not hesitate to contact my office or visit my website at http://specter.senate.gov . Thank you again for writing.
Re: Your Concerns
Mon, 15 Aug 2005 14:55:28 -0400
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Dear Dr. Ajanaku:
Thank you for contacting me regarding the nomination of Judge John G. Roberts Jr. to fill the vacancy created by the retirement of Associate Justice Sandra Day O’Connor on the Supreme Court. I appreciate hearing your thoughts on this very important matter.
The Constitution created checks and balances among the three branches of government. Article II of the Constitution gives the President the authority to nominate individuals to the Supreme Court and to other federal courts, and it gives the Senate the important responsibility of carefully evaluating judicial nominees and exercising independent judgment in deciding whether or not to confirm them. The Senate's constitutional obligation to advise and consent on the President's nominations to the federal judiciary is particularly important given that these are lifetime positions.
As you may know, Judge Roberts currently serves on the United States Court of Appeals for the District of Columbia Circuit. Judge Roberts has previously held positions in several administrations, including Deputy Solicitor General under President George H.W. Bush, Special Assistant to the Attorney General, and Associate Counsel to President Reagan.
Justices on the Supreme Court make decisions that directly affect the lives of millions of Americans. I take the Senate’s constitutional role to ‘advise and consent’ very seriously. This is one of the most challenging and important decisions I am called upon as a U.S. Senator to make. I am reviewing Judge Roberts’ record and will closely follow his confirmation hearings before the Senate Judiciary Committee before reaching a decision on his nomination.
Thank you again for contacting me.
Carl Levin

Re: Judicial Nominations
Tue, 30 Aug 2005 09:41:18 -0400
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Dear Dr. ajanaku:
Thank you for contacting my office regarding the nomination of Judge John G. Roberts Jr. for Associate Justice of the Supreme Court of the United States . I appreciate hearing from you.
John Roberts is regarded as one of the brightest legal minds of his generation. He currently serves as a judge on the United States Court of Appeals for the District of Columbia Circuit, a court that is commonly viewed as the second most powerful and prestigious court in the nation.
Roberts attended Harvard College , and then studied at Harvard Law graduating magna cum laude. He clerked for Judge Friendly of the Court of Appeals for the Second Circuit and then for Associate Justice Rehnquist of the Supreme Court.
Following his clerkships, Judge Roberts served as a special assistant to the Attorney General at the Department of Justice where he dealt with constitutional and law enforcement issues. He moved to the Reagan White House where he served as Associate White House Counsel before returning to the Department of Justice to become Deputy Solicitor General in the Administration of George H.W. Bush.
In 1992, Judge Roberts began his private law practice, in constitutional and appellate law. On behalf of his clients, he has argued 39 cases before the Supreme Court.
In 2001, President Bush nominated Judge Roberts to serve on the U.S. Court of Appeals for the District of Columbia Circuit. At his confirmation hearing, the American Bar Association gave Judge Roberts its highest rating of "unanimous well-qualified." This rating is reserved for nominees who are at the top of the legal profession, have the utmost integrity, and demonstrate proper judicial temperament. For this judicial nomination, the Senate unanimously confirmed Judge Roberts.
As Chairman of the Senate Judiciary Committee, I look forward to ensuring Judge Roberts receives a thorough and fair confirmation hearing. Decisions by the Supreme Court can have a significant impact, and because of this, I take the Senate's role in the confirmation process very seriously.
Should you have any further questions, please do not hesitate to contact my office or visit my website athttp://specter.senate.gov . Thank you again for writing.
Arlen Specter
Add sender to Contacts
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Dear Dr. Ajanaku:
Thank you for contacting me regarding electronic eavesdropping on American citizens by the National Security Agency (NSA). I appreciate hearing your thoughts on this very serious matter.
As you know, on December 17, 2005, President Bush admitted to authorizing the NSA to conduct electronic eavesdropping on American citizens inside the United States without first obtaining a warrant. According to the President, this program has been in existence since shortly after the September 11, 2001, terrorist attacks.
Checks and balances are the bedrock of our system of government. In 1978, Congress passed the Foreign Intelligence Surveillance Act (FISA, P.L.95-511) to permit the federal government to seek orders from a special court to tap the phones of people in the United States. In order to cover cases that require swift action, FISA permits seeking warrants after surveillance has begun. Congress included in FISA the requirement that the government seek the FISA Court’s approval to wiretap as a check on the executive branch's authority. It should be noted that since 1979 the FISA Court has approved nearly 19,000 applications for FISA wiretaps, while rejecting only a handful.
The President's decision to ignore FISA and bypass the special court raises critical concerns that deserve Congress’ attention. On December 20, 2005, I joined several of my colleagues in requesting a joint inquiry into the President’s actions by the Senate Intelligence and Judiciary Committees. Unfortunately, the Senate Intelligence Committee, of which I am a member, recently rejected a full Committee investigation of the NSA wiretapping program. Instead the Committee voted to create a seven member Subcommittee, made up of four Republicans and three Democrats, to look into the program. I have been selected as a member of the Subcommittee.
While we must give law enforcement and intelligence agencies the tools they need to investigate terrorist activity, it is imperative that we do so under the law and in a manner that upholds the civil liberties of Americans. On December 21, 2005, I delivered a statement on the Senate floor regarding the NSA’s electronic eavesdropping program and FISA. My complete statement on this matter can be found on my website at [http://levin.senate.gov/senate/statement.cfm?id=250334].
As you know, Senator Russell Feingold (D-WI) introduced a resolution (S.Res.398) to censure President Bush for authorizing the NSA’s electronic eavesdropping program. This resolution has been referred to the Senate Judiciary Committee, where it awaits further consideration. As a member of the Senate Intelligence Subcommittee investigating the NSA program, I have chosen to reserve judgment on S.Res.398 until I can complete my review of the program.
Thank you again for contacting me. I will be sure to keep your thoughts in mind as the Senate addresses this issue.
Carl Levin
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- From: "Chairman Ken Mehlman RNC" Add to Address Book
To: samuelajanaku@yahoo.co.uk
Subject: Welcome to Team Leader
Date: Wed, 11 May 2005 12:38:01 -0400
Thank you for becoming a Team Leader! As a Team Leader, you will play
integral role in helping President George W. Bush advance his
Please visit the link below to activate your team leader profile and
building your team. You can also earn unlimited GOPoints, which are
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Most importantly, your grassroots leadership will help ensure that our
country continues to prosper.
On behalf of President Bush, thank you for becoming a Team Leader. We
be in touch with you shortly.
Ken Mehlman,
Republican National Committee
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