His ExcellencyHonourable PresidentPranab Mukherjee
Secretary Tim Geithner and Finance Minister Pranab Mukherjee 2010 crop.jpg
13th President of India
Assumed office 25 July 2012
Prime Minister Manmohan SinghNarendra Modi
Vice President Mohammad Hamid Ansari
Preceded by Pratibha Patil
Minister of Finance
In office January 24, 2009 – June 26, 2012
Preceded by P. Chidambaram
Succeeded by P. Chidambaram
In office 5 January 1982 – 31 December 1984
Preceded by R. Venkataraman
Succeeded by V. P. Singh
Minister of Defence
In office 22 May 2004 – 27 October 2006
Prime Minister Manmohan Singh
Preceded by George Fernandes
Succeeded by A. K. Antony
Minister of External Affairs
In office 24 October 2006 – 22 May 2009
Prime Minister Manmohan Singh
Preceded by Manmohan Singh
Succeeded by S. M. Krishna
In office 10 February 1995 – 16 May 1996
Prime Minister P. V. Narasimha Rao
Preceded by Dinesh Singh
Succeeded by Sikander Bakht
Deputy Chairman of the Planning Commission
In office 24 June 1991 – 15 May 1996
Prime Minister P. V. Narasimha Rao
Preceded by Mohan Dharia
Succeeded by Madhu Dandavate
Leader of the House (Lok Sabha)
In office 22 May 2004 – 26 June 2012
Prime Minister Manmohan Singh
Preceded by Atal Bihari Vajpayee
Succeeded by Sushil Kumar Shinde
Leader of the House (Rajya Sabha)
In office January 1980 – 31 December 1984
Prime Minister Indira Gandhi
Preceded by K.C. Pant
Succeeded by V.P. Singh
Member of Lok Sabha for Jangipur
In office 10 May 2004 – 26 June 2012
Prime Minister Manmohan Singh
Preceded by Abul Hasnat Khan
Succeeded by Abhijit Mukherjee
Member of Parliament (Rajya Sabha) for West Bengal (5 Terms)
In office 24 July 1969 – 10 May 2004 (5 Terms)
Personal details
Born Pranab Kumar Mukherjee(1935-12-11) 11 December 1935 (age 81)Mirati, British Bengal, British India (now in West Bengal, India)
Political party Independent
Other political affiliations Indian National Congress (1969–86; 1989–2012)Rashtriya Samajwadi Congress (1986–89)
Spouse(s) Suvra Ghosh (m. 1957; d. 2015)
Children SharmisthaAbhijit Indrajit
Residence Rashtrapati Bhavan, New Delhi, Delhi, India
Alma mater University of Calcutta
Net worth Annual: INR 1,800,000.00
Website Official Website

The basic reasons of corruption not discussed so far in any of the interview or ...

Disclaimer : Whatever is written in this document is just my own personal feeling. I have not done any discussions or survey or string operations to collect the facts, thus I could be fundamentally wrong. ( I feel very sorry to west your valuable time in reading this base less document).I am an ordinary citizen of India. I have no idea of Indian constitution or IPC. I am not associated with Political party. thus please excuse me for all fullish Idia or expressions.

The corruption starts from top. It can be controlled only if it is stopped from the top.

The basic reason of corruption is the Party Politics (The biggest flow in our present legislature). In our present system one party is allowed to form the government, thus all politicians are trying to form a Party or collate with other stronger party, and they start doing everything (Ethical or Unethical) to come in to power. Probably even the purchasing of MLA or MP of other parties to prove their majority. I personally feel that there is no moral of most of politicians as they shift from one party to another party of fundamentally different ideologies.

I personally feel that the root cause of all evils and miss conduct in the present seen is the party politics.

1. Corruption starts right from beginning of election

It appears that to come in power, MLA/MP candidates purchase tickets from strong political parties by paying huge money (crore of rupees). This is done to ensure the easy win in the election. They invest Crore of rupees during election campaigns.

The question is why do they invest Crore of Rupees? It is clear and important to note that they have targets to recover 10 times of their investment in 3 years of time. (Are they wrong????? as per business perspective – NO.

The present system “Party Politics” has created an opportunity to make national politics as way of doing business to earn money or wealth.

2. How do they earn money
Most of MLA or MP do not have any direct authority to generate this volume of income, thus they probably use some of government officials as tool to generate this income.

- They probably become media between Government officials and Ministers to secure placement on important income generating positions. In turn such Government officers, identify their links in their subordinates, they fix the target with these assistants and ultimately they collect this money from General Public (first they create intentional hurdles and delay and then they collect facilitation charges – bribe) .

- They (MLA/MP) become agent between the industrialists and ministers in getting them extra benefits and unjustified deals from Government.

- They divert development funds to their known and family members.

There are 1000 of ways in which they generate the funds to recover their investment.

Even the part directly collects the funds from top industrialists to contest election (WIN election by even purchasing MLA or MP of other parties). Why the industrialist invest huge money on any party????? . They invest not because of patriotism, but they invest to recover many times more by getting favour from ruling party.

3. The other evil are:

1. This converts the phrase “To the People for the People by the People” in to “To the Party, for the party, by the Party”
- Example - If ruling party brings some bill in assembly which is good for the country, shall defiantly be opposed by other parties (even if many MLA or MP of other parties by heart shall be in favour of the bill) and similarly if a bill is brought by opposing party in assembly shall be opposed by MLA / MP of ruling party. Thus they really do not represent the feelings of the public, but they represent the feelings of the party (which could be biased and full of personal interest rather the country or public interest).

- MLA or PM become the slaves of parties, they have personal objectives on top priority rather than representing the feelings of public at large.

2. Quality of leadership is badly effected:
All the professional (Engineer, Doctors, Charted accountants, Managers-MBA) are given professional knowledge in the college and trained for few years, then they are selected for junior position and they are given on the job training. The professionals are given independent position to take their own decisions after several year of experience. Whereas a illiterate person (some time) can be elected as Minister and given license to take policy decisions (they are given authority to make or change Government Policies (for which they may not have the right knowledge, exposure and experience, in fact most of time they are most in competent person for this assignment). Whatever is conveyed by IAS lobby to them, becomes their idea.

Thus if the make the policies or change the policies to protect their interest or party interest, they should not be blamed. In fact they are enjoying the flow of our constitution.

3. Infusion of castes system in Politics

When any Government advocate that schedule cast and schedule tribe or minorities should be given % of quota for admissions in college, quota for jobs or promotion. Government admit that these persons are incompetent to face the competition, thus they should be given relaxation and reservation.

If it is true Government is giving authority to take important decisions in the hands of incompetent persons. Should there be any reservation for any one? Every one noes that it is the result of party politics as this becomes their vote bank.

This castes system results in several evils as protection to some cast by ruling party result in increase of crime rate. Protection to criminals by politicians etc.

4. Shelter to criminals
When party is winning election with the support of criminals, they are bound to give shelter to the criminals. Many times these shelters are given as the politicians are directly involved to earn extra income or to protect their and party interest.

5. The broad interest of the Nation is lost
I all the decisions taken by government, the party interest becomes the first, interest of ministers becomes second, interest of Investors on party becomes third and 4th is the interest of the nation

There is a threat

There is a threat that if a party forms the government with 2/3 majority or is able to manage 2/3 majority in their favour. It can bring all the antinational or loss making proposals where favour is given to individuals or to some countries, are proposals are brought in parliament for discussions and approved by the parliament. In such case no one can be blamed for any scam as all the scam are approved by the parliament.

All the above (and many more) happens because of Party Politics.

There can be antinational decisions by diluting the import policy or export policy.

There is a treat that some EAST INDIA COMPANY can again enter in the country, with very attractive schemes in the beginning and making their roots strong, and Some day they could start dictating their terms.


There should not be any political party in the country.

The interviews of minister during Rajeev Gandhi regime proves that some minsters were not knowing even the national anthem or vandematram, they were not aware of national problems policies and procedures.
Since the authority, responsibility and accountability of MLA or MP is far larger than class one Officers (like IAS Officer in small cities) in India. MLA or MP should also pass the entrance test like IAS officers.

Elections should be held 3 years before the expire of the term of ruling party. The contestants should pass the written test like IAS exams on History, Geography, Sociology, Public Administration, Current affairs in the country and requirement / area of improvement in the country. Then selected candidates should be sent for 1 to 2 Years training (Like MBA). Only selected and pass candidate should be allowed to contest the election.

- All candidates should be asked to contest election as independent candidates.

- The elected MLA and MP should select the Ministers and Priminister or CM among them on the basis of the knowledge and experience for that position.

- There should be written test for the post of ministers and key port folios. Their previous experience should also be given wattage over the votes there results (Just like CEO’s are selected).

- There should be 3 ministers for the same portfolio e.g 3 Finance ministers with work division among them. Any proposal going into the parliament for discussions, should have concurrence of at least 2 minsters.

- There should be panel of waiting candidates, working as advisors to each of the ministers, so that if any minster is turned down, someone from consultant can be brought to the portfolio immediately.

Advantages of the proposal:

When the candidates shall contest election as independent candidates they shall not be required to pay and money to any party to get the ticket to contest election. They shall not be investing huge money as they may not be sure of getting any key position.

The educated mas are defiantly hesitant in promoting bribery (at least in the beginning of the carrier, they become free after several years).

There shall be far less criminal in politics, as the criminals may not be able to compete the selection process.

The corrupt persons may not be able to make politics as their carrier; the ministers shall not do the favour and they shall have doubt of losing the money invested in the election.

So formed Ministers will not have pressure of recovering huge investment (made during election and for getting the ticket of the party). They shall be afraid of losing the portfolio on complaint by the public.
Since the MLA and MP shall not be supported by any party, they shall be able to abolish cast base Politics.

The idea expectations and feelings of the general public of their constituency shall be better represented in the assembly.

The decisions in assembly shall be far better and useful and shall be in the interest of public at large and the nation.

There can be long list of advantage, but only selected few advantage are brought for discussions. I am sure you all know the advantages.

Warm Regards

Praveen Saxena

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